As COVID19 spreads across the United States, the government incorporates drastic measures to limit infections.

COVID19 has been in the news every day since the outbreak in Wuhan, China. This article addresses some of the issues presented for the reasons to keep countries ‘closed’ for business.

Note to reader: This author has contracted the term COVID-19 to COVID19 for SEO (Search Engine Optimization) recognition.


One-by-one state governors in the United States have issued requests for restraint in public gatherings. They have also declared that all persons who are not working in essential positions stay home. Many people are working remotely from their abodes so that form of employment is staying viable.

People are allowed to get groceries, fuel, as well as, travel to get other essential items. Gatherings of more than 10 people are discouraged. Also, everyone is requested to maintain a personal distance of at least 6 feet. Social distancing is recommended at all times.

President Donald Trump has been giving open press conferences almost every day. He has with him a number of medical professionals who are experts in their fields. They give COVID19 updates that include case and fatality updates. Notwithstanding, leaders in other countries are doing the same for their citizens.


As mentioned so much in the news, it is always good for repetition. If this helps just one person it is worth it.

  • Wash hands frequently (especially after touching hand rails, door handles and the like), use hand-sanitizer
  • Do not touch face, eyes, or nose with bare hands (especially if not washed after touching rails, etc.)
  • Use the N95 mask when in closer environments or if infected with any illness
  • Maintain self-distancing of at least 6 feet while in public getting groceries, fuel, or prescriptions
  • Unless one is in an essential vocation (i.e. grocery), shelter in-place (stay home)
  • Stay hydrated and take vitamins (especially antioxidants like A, B, C) and those that boost the immune system
  • Get plenty of rest

Even though the fatality rates for the Coronavirus is around 1% or so in the US and it is about the same for standard flu infections; it is important to follow these measures and keep immune systems up.


Here is the ‘sticky wicket’ to consider. As mentioned in the previous articles, from March 17th and March 20th,  something unusual has happened. For the past 3 weeks, this author has researched while placing other projects aside for now. What was stated before still stands. It is not so important how or why it started; the fact is, it is here.

Yes, there are accusations emanating from countries like China, as well as, other nations regarding the advent and outbreak of the COVID19 virus. It ranges from from the virus starting in other countries or even the US. Further, scientists have claimed the bat Coronavirus has been bio-engineered with small parts of the HIV-1 virus. Nothing natural could have spread so fast, so it does seem this is a bio-engineered virus. Or, that many people move that fast, now?

There are even discrepancies in how the virus reacts with climate changes. This writer has global contacts and in some of our mutual communications, we had to chuckle when one hemisphere says the virus will abate in cooler weather, the other states it will abate in warmer weather. So, let us not stir up the mess; let’s band together to get rid of and/or combat the virus and save lives.


One of the individuals who gives daily press briefings in the US provides detailed information. She is Dr. Deborah Birx who is the White House Coronavirus Coordinator. Successful testing is underway. She noted that the testing for antibodies used on AIDS patients has been successful in testing for COVID19. Interesting. Am leaving this up to the reader to assess.

The good news about testing is that the US has ramped up and tested more individuals in 8 days than South Korea has completed in 8 weeks. Depending on location and origination of outbreaks beginning in Washington state, as well as, New York the infection rates vary. The bad news is many of the population of New York (especially NYC) have moved away. There is no way to track individuals traveling to other locations, including Florida.

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Courtesy of Statistica, here are the latest stats of the top 20 countries of confirmed cases, fatalities, and death rate.

The above table of statistics by country are provided via Statistica with thanks.


Pardon the above header with a pun? It was intentional. Here is more a personal note of recent experiences. The bad news is the negative side of life with people taking advantage of our God-given freedoms to buy so much for themselves (sometimes to resell on media) that others have no chance to get the items they need.

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Because of the COVID-19 outbreak, panic buying has occurred in many locations. Efforts to contain hoarding is underway. Stores have created rationing limits so there is more availability.

That is right. Toilet paper. C’mon man! In so many conversations of late, some seniors recounted that in World War II the only toilet paper many people had was newspapers that had been read! Think about it? How far we have all come in this marvelous, technological age with electronics, transportation, and games to not be able to get toilet paper? Wow. It’s not even a conundrum; it is a sadness.

Some more good news is this: Overall, the humanitarianism and kindness of those recognizing the value of the human condition has waxed eloquently! In trying to obtain needed supplies I saw more people thinking of others instead of just thinking of themselves. I am elated in the most trying of times.


The Coronavirus is a RNA construct. So, whether it is transfer or messenger RNA, it will mutate. Because the virus, as it travels around the globe with human-to-human contact, developing an effective vaccine is problematic. This doesn’t mean it is impossible. As with past pandemics, a solution is in the making.

Unlike other existing viruses, this one is quite predictable. The viral coating, known as the meylin sheath is the housing for RNA, as well as, those with DNA strands. Being able to compromise this shell will destroy the virus.

There are ‘compassion’ drugs available to combat COVID19. But, do not self-medicate. Always contact your primary physician for treatment. A number of experimental drugs are being utilized. Some new ones are being developed and should be made available in the first week of April. Don’t worry, help is on the way.


One of the older and effective giants for fighting viral infections is the anti-biotic, Erythromycin or the Z-pack. It has been helpful in staving off the negative effects of the present coronavirus threatening our health.

There is an older medicine used to fight malaria infections. Two of these have a positive effect in fighting COVID19, as well. They are hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine. There have been reports of individuals trying to use drugs themselves with disastrous results. Please, do not self-medicate. Consult your physician.

Thus far, however, the success rate of utilizing ‘compassion’ drugs to fight this coronavirus is only 1 in 5. Remdesivir, a failed antiviral drug to fight Ebola, has been used to combat other corona-viruses. Experimentation is underway to see how it could be made effective in fighting COVID19.


This author has interviewed quite a number of people regarding the Coronavirus situation. In sum, how the leaders of countries affected with the outbreak; they should be applauded. Especially the leadership of the United States and Great Britain. President Donald J. Trump is a businessman turned politician. On purpose. For no money. His heartbeat is on the heartbeat of this nation.

Mr. Trump wants the people to succeed. He also knows for the people to succeed, businesses must be able to conduct a profitable scenario to engender employment for all. No, there are many things that are not right about how the economy works. But, he knows it cannot be done overnight. And, he is open to valid ideas to make all our lives better.

We must get above petty differences. Drop the egos for a minute; stop and think, please. All of the leaders should heed this. This writer has encountered about as many conspiracies that anyone could believe in the last few weeks. Being honest and objective does come at a cost. It is to be responsible and not let small-mindedness take over.


It is not so much that we should hunker down and blame others for what should be one’s reality. Just accept the fact that reality is here and we must learn from history. That is right; there have been atrocities of all kinds occurring in human history. Again, we are not alone and we have not been, ever.

If we don’t start living the part as responsible citizens with love and caring in abundance, we are going to go down the same rabbit hole, over and over again.

So, is that a cool thing to accept? Let’s be the mature, loving kind of people we are supposed to be. We have had some wonderful teachers, as well as, some really bad actors. Where do you want to be in time?

There is a lot of love out there. It is time to recognize it, revel in it, and embrace it. Please?

UNIVERSAL DIGEST is pleased to be a conduit for our contributing authors. We do not claim credit; we simply want to make it more available to the general public. And, the opinions of the authors are not necessarily the opinion or stance of this website.

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In this installment of REDMOND'S REVIEW, Darren delivers his synopsis of 'The Gallic War', Julius Caesar.

Julius Caesar and ‘The Gallic War’ is discussed in this week’s installment of REDMOND’S REVIEW. Darren Redmond gives the audience his synopsis of this classic book. It is available to read free in the public domain.

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REDMOND’S REVIEW covers commentaries on: The Gallic War, Julius Caesar.


Ever wonder what it was like to actually hear or in this case read, firsthand assessments from some of the legendary figures we learned about in school? Conveniently found free in the public record, written in the third person, Julius Caesar’s notes, which when put together, became the book titled, ‘Commentaries on the Gallic War’. It offers us such a rare experience.

This book I found as interesting to read as the autobiography of Ben Franklin which also is free in the public record. In it, we learn about his strategies of war, we learn a lot about the Germanic and Gaelic people and some of the thriving communities back then that simply do not exist anymore.

We learned about Druids and about how, even way before World War 2, crossing the Rhine was considered a huge advancement.


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This is the book mural of Commentaries On: The Gallic War, Julius Caesar.

We learn about how the use of hostages as a negotiating tool for peace was standard practice back then. Also, we learn that as a strategic military move after burning a village, it included burning all the crops, too. Julius Caesar would advocate, in some circumstances, the replanting of those crops and the rebuilding of those villages. This was not so much to show mercy on the people, but rather so that they would have allegiance to Rome. It would dissuade another party coming in trying to convince the people of why they should align themselves with their realm.

If you are a student of history and are looking forward something to read or listen to while sheltered in place, I highly endorse this book.

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In this installment of REDMOND’S REVIEW, Darren delivers his synopsis of ‘The Gallic War’, Julius Caesar.

Written By: Darren Redmond

UNIVERSAL DIGEST is pleased to be a conduit for our contributing authors. We do not claim credit; we simply want to make it more available to the general public. And, the opinions of the authors are not necessarily the opinion or stance of this website.

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Here is the featured picture of a microscopic view of the Coronavirus.

Coronavirus or COVID-19 in reports and the news has taken some interesting new turns, lately. This author has attended some online seminars in an effort to understand some of the complexities of the situation. The point of this article is to provide a realistic view of what is happening, globally.


Recently, President Donald Trump with a cadre of business, government, and medical experts is trying to manage an incredibly complex situation. But, for many involved know the COVID-19 outbreak is terribly hard to understand.

Utilizing models of logic, leaders from government, industry, and medicine are trying to handle the declared pandemic. This virus has traveled the world in just weeks. But, it doesn’t mean handling COVID-19 is impossible.


The Coronavirus originated in Wuhan, China. No longer is it important how it started; it is important on what to do about it. The Chinese government was slow in admitting the outbreak. And, there were attempts to cover it up. Remember, we in the United States place a very high value on protecting its citizens. Other country leaders (and customs) do not view the value of life the same way.

With the models presented of recent events recorded in a number of countries; two countries mentioned previously at Universal Digest’s last article are important to view. They are South Korea and Italy. Although, two contrasting actions were taken to combat the virus, it still hasn’t helped in knowing what to do with the economic considerations.

The world has become an interdependent economic colossus with the United States being the leader with China being the second largest economy. As of today, the global economic boom has been all but wiped out. What can be done to protect our economic future? That is the question on everyone’s mind.


A good friend submitted an excellent ‘heads up’ on the historical aspect of viral pandemics on earth. Courtesy of Visual Capitalist, they posted an excellent article detailing the history of pandemics. In the past, the death toll from the Black Plague to the present Coronavirus outbreak are detailed.

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Courtesy of Visual Capitalist is this report of the historical death tolls from the Black Death (Bubonic Plague) to other viral outbreaks to date.

The present COVID-19 outbreak (so far) is minor in comparison. In fact, the death toll is only .7%. Yes, it is less than 1% of the cases reported, which is fairly in line with the death rate from other viruses, including influenza. But, that doesn’t mean it is no less important. We here in the United States value the sanctity of life above material belongings.


What we do now is the big question. This is uncharted territory. Right now, the future of our global economy is at stake. With the impending danger that millions could die from the virus, there are some very good signs that they won’t. Some people do not agree; however, in Wuhan, China, no new cases have occurred, to date.

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Here is a microscopic view of the coronavirus, as it appears under a microscope.

Let us hope this news remains a constant. But, again, we just don’t know, yet. So, where do we go from here? Leaders in the United States have decided, thus far, to implement ‘social distancing’. However, the blow to independent businesses is beyond brutal.


Rest assured, the infections from Coronavirus in the United States is beginning to rise, dramatically. The efforts to keep the outbreak to not overrun the existing healthcare system is working. But, it is still unknown how fast the present uptick in viral cases will occur. If it does exceed the ability for healthcare to cope, all bets could be off.

As mentioned earlier, this author has attended seminars on critical thinking and how to view our present situation in a positive, yet objective matter. It is more complicated than many know. Personally, I have faith in the human condition and am praying for our leaders to make the right decisions.

Along with some of the societal irregularities and negatives, there are also some incredibly positive acts of generosity and kindness occurring, as well.


So, that being said about the present coronavirus threat, let us all pull together. Have confidence in our leaders to make the right decisions. Also, if anyone has a better idea of how things should be done, participate!

The next few weeks are going to tell the tale, so to speak.

As the old adage dictates, ‘You can be part of the solution or be part of the problem.’

What decision will you make?

UNIVERSAL DIGEST is pleased to be a conduit for our contributing authors. We do not claim credit; we simply want to make it more available to the general public. And, the opinions of the authors are not necessarily the opinion or stance of this website.

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More from Redmond's Review with today's article from G. K. Chesterton's book, 'Irish Impressions'.

Irish Impressions is today’s review from Darren Redmond. Originally written by G. K. Chesterton, this audio book is freely available to the public.


As we get ready for St Patrick’s Day, I will continue during the month of March to read and review books that deal with Ireland or with the Irish. The book that I will be reviewing ‘Irish Impressions’ published in 1919. It was written by poet, author, theologian, scholar and lecturer G. K. Chesterton.

I have read literally dozens of books on this subject matter, but I have never been so enthralled in the ability for a writer to paint a picture, with the paint of words, to create a understanding rich in fact, musings, commentary, and lasting imagery on a story about a moment in Ireland.

We have all heard the adage, ‘sometimes it is hard to see the forest from the trees’ and you see in this book that this may be true. On a trip to recruit Irishmen to fight alongside the English in World War 1, Chesterton discovers an Ireland that one always knew was there but feels new just the same.


This book is not without points that may surprise many. For this Englishman, it goes into great detail in giving reasons why Ireland is truly its own country and that many who see themselves as Celts first fail to realize the difference:

  • How Ireland can be its own country but yet fight side-by-side against Germany in World War 1
  • Rather be made fun of by some in England and murdered by others in Germany
  • Goes into great depth describing the pros used in the verbal vernacular of the people of Ireland

He talks of how many of the Orange would call themselves good Protestants, while many of the Greenwood would call themselves bad Catholics.

Y. B. Yeats and G. K. Chesterton both took the stage together during Chesterton’s trip to Ireland. I would have loved to have been in the audience for that. As I have referenced previously, Chesterton was a big influence on the later writings of C. S. Lewis.

If you want to learn much about Ireland in the early 1900’s I cannot suggest a better book than this one.

This is one of those books that you feel sad when it is over because you want to keep discovering more.

This book is free to read in the public domain.

Happy Saint Patrick’s Day.

Written By: Darren Redmond

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