REDMOND'S REVIEWS are provided frequently at Universal Digest.


Plymouth was settled by Pilgrims arriving from England in 1608. In this week’s rendition of REDMOND’S REVIEW, this book review details some of the history of the time Plymouth settlement.

og: Plymouth
William Bradford wrote the “Historie of ye Plymouth Settlement, 1608-1650” and it is free to read in the public domain.


As the political narrative, along with the mandated tenured professors indoctrination on the current interpretation of the Pilgrim’s, it morphs and changes with the current times, far from an agenda-driven perspective. Here one reads the compelling writings of William Bradford. These valuable insights and historical writings were thought lost for many years. And, the world is a better place that they were not.

Whatever side of the logical prism you may reside, other forms of information for an accurate historical perspective need to be researched. And, I for one have spent quite a bit of time doing so. This is not the platform to discuss the historical inaccuracies being put forth by many in the educational system today. But, please understand fabrication of facts are alive and well today.

One should not try to do away with a myth by making up a fable. For example, many people point to the fact that William Bradford did not write about a ‘Thanksgiving’ so, they look at that as a cause to show that it did not ever happen. But, when one conducts the research on other writings of the time, you find that maybe William Bradford, and, I stress the word ‘maybe’, did not write about it because giving thanks was quite commonplace.


The writings about that Thanksgiving talk of games being played and meals being shared to celebrate a wonderful crop and harvest.

Battles, between diverse groups was commonplace, and so was negotiation, compromise, and the sharing of best practices.

William Bradford’s writings give a detailed accounting of what it was like to move from your birth place to another country. Then, set sail across the vast ocean to a world that you did not understand where an unknown future awaited.

Had the Pilgrims planned to land at Plymouth or was their another location in Virginia where they wanted to go?

Did you know one of the ships the original pilgrims went on had to be sunk?

Do you know the name of the first Pilgrim child to be born in America?

All of this information is free to read in the public domain. Those who want to enrich their scholarly understanding of the pilgrims and their plight at the Plymouth settlement will learn much.

Written By: Darren Redmond

UNIVERSAL DIGEST is pleased to be a conduit for our contributing authors. We do not claim credit; we simply want to make it more available to the general public. And, the opinions of the authors are not necessarily the opinion or stance of this website.

Pass it On:
Pass it On:


This is an image of a young Darren Redmond. He reviews Indian Heroes and Great Chieftains.


Indian Heroes and Great Chieftains, written by Charles A Eastman in 1918, I put into the ‘must read’ file, for those who want to learn more about North America’s first people.

og: indian
Darren Redmond reviews Indian Heroes and Great Chieftains, written in 1918 by Charles A. Eastman. It is free to read.

Its author, Charles Eastman, a proud Santee Sioux, out of Red Falls Minnesota, learned many of the stories communicated in this work from his grandparents via the same ‘oral tradition’ generations before he did. A graduate from the Boston School of Medicine in 1890, his non-white skin and background made him unwelcome by some in American medical society, and because of his traditional medical background, some from the first American culture, simply did not trust him at first.


This work goes into great detail not just about the events that took place over many years, but the thought processes behind these events. I found it particularly interesting when he talks about the very human condition of individuals looking for glory, some for virtual reasons and some for nefarious ones. I am always entertained by the retelling of the story of how Sitting Bull got his name. The time spent with this book is well worth it.

As a footnote, the author worked for his people as a doctor, as a representative in Washington, D.C., and as a founder of the Society of American Indians and helped create and found the Boy Scouts of America.

Lastly, this book is free to read in the public domain.

If you read it please let me know what you think and share this.

Written By: Darren Redmond

UNIVERSAL DIGEST is pleased to be a conduit for our contributing authors. We do not claim credit; we simply want to make it more available to the general public. And, the opinions of the authors are not necessarily the opinion or stance of this website.

Pass it On:
Pass it On:


The latest version of the Oscar Mayer Wienermobile on display.


Oscar Mayer hot dogs are an established icon of yore in America’s history. The terms used of hamburgers, hot dogs, and apple pie have been the mantra of food buffs as the United States grew into international fame with its acronyms of love for automobiles, cowboys, Hollywood, and anything glitzy. While the fascination of glitz and glamour burgeoned into so many homes via radio and later television, someone had already begun a company with little idea of what it would become.


It all began in 1873 when a Bavarian, Oscar F. Mayer moved to America at age fourteen. He went to work at a butcher’s shop in Detroit, Michigan. Soon after, he moved to Chicago, Illinois where he entered the retail industry. By 1883, Oscar Mayer started his first retail meat shop where various meats were sold.

og: store
Oscar Mayer Store Front in 1883.

By 1906, Mr. Mayer joined a federal meat inspection organization, even though he was still just a small shop in the Chicago area, which helped his reputation. Obviously, Oscar Mayer was quality conscious early on. So, by 1919, he purchased his own small farmer’s co-op meat packing facility in Madison, Wisconsin, where he could ensure quality.

In 1929, Mayer created the first ever ‘branded’ meat label. This trademark became known as the ‘yellow band’. Consumers knew what they were buying was a quality meat product that could be trusted.

Please visit the website link above for the full, incredible history of Oscar Mayer and its entry into the stock market and beyond.


In 1936, during the height of the Great Depression, the wienermobile was built to tour in parades and grocery store openings. As the wienermobile toured, ‘Little Oscar’ was known as the driver. Since then, with only a nine-year stint of no wienermobile travels, a new vehicle was introduced for its 50th anniversary in 1986. The display and reception of the wienermobile was so successful, it was decided to build a total of six to tour the United States in 1988.

og: oscar
The Oscar Mayer Wienermobile was introduced in 1936, during the height of the Great Depression.

To date, six wienermobiles are operating in six different regions of America. These vehicles continue to appear at various community functions, especially at grocery stores, nationwide.

og: weinermobile
Here is the display of the Wienermobile’s through the years.

The vehicle timeline from 1936 to present is shown above. Interestingly, I remember the dabbling with color (Kodachrome) photography from the early 1960’s. By the 1970’s color photography and movies were in full swing.


Although, there were a number of jingles for both radio and the television, I must digress to add my overall favorite that caused sounds of the jingle to reverberate through my cranium, sometimes late into the evening. There were those occasional dreams that ensued at the most interesting times during sleep, as well. Subliminal conditioning? I leave this up to the readers and viewers to decide.

Consequently, there were those unknown cravings for hot dogs at our Boy Scout events (and other events, too) that had to be wholeheartedly quenched, hurriedly. Then, there was a matching conditioning for a certain soda that had to be added to the dilemma. Of course, that is another story.


Well, here comes the fun part. When I noticed that our community grocer, Best Buy Market was hosting the Oscar Mayer Wienermobile at our store, I was so elated, I was like a kid all over again. I just couldn’t find my Oscar Mayer hot dog whistle. Alas, it had fallen by the wayside so many years before. Then, it occurred to me, I could re-live part of my childhood, again! Wow! As mentioned, I was out the door in a flash with my camera and a degree of less wits a writer and journalist may possess.

Nonetheless, as shown in some photos above, I was in hot dog heaven as I pulled into the parking lot to view the spectacle. Truly, the inner child had emerged. I emerged with a childlike awe at the Wienermobile and its ‘Little Oscar’ drivers. Of course, that acronym has yielded to the latest terminology: Hotdoggers!


Amanda and Luke are the present Hotdoggers to pilot this spacious, opulent, and most impressive vehicle, the latest in the fleet of six, nationwide. Both of them were busy accommodating the visitors to the event. Chris of Best Buy Market was dispensing hot dogs (with all the trimmings for $1) at a booth next to the one Luke and Amanda attended. They were issuing various baubles, but there was one I was given where I just melted. It was my new Wiener Whistle! Yay!

og: whistle
After all these years, I finally have my own Oscar Mayer whistle, again!

I have kept the whistle in its original packaging, as I do with other valuable, iconic devices. Yes, it is yet to be whistled. This was one of the most iconic items in demand at the event. I must say that not only were Luke and Amanda congenial, they were having fun, as well, commiserating with the attendees.


With all the hub-bub of people milling about and enjoying the event, I tried not to be too intrusive, but my journalistic side convulsively took over. I mean, this is the event! How many times does something like this fall into place? It must be shared.

Therefore, when I saw my chance, I asked Amanda if she would consent to a short interview. Luke was beset with attending the booth and there were people there who wanted their whistles and more. Amanda said it was not a problem so she accented to walk with me to the back of the Wienermobile where it was more quiet. Here it is:

Even with my jittery camera use using a non-fixed video camera stance, Amanda and the customers were kind and accommodating. This was a very succinct, well-executed interview on Amanda’s part. I cannot say the same for the interviewer; however, it is a subjective judgement. I was just glad to be able to sit up and take nourishment on a well-stated history of what they do.


As Amanda mentioned, as well as, Luke told me, the puns and off-color comments abound! They are both on tour with degrees pending from their universities. What I find so incredible in meeting them both is how open, honest, vivacious, and congenial they are. I am not wont to bring up more personal details; however, I have a penchant for objectivity and telling it like it is.

Here is a company that started in the late 1800’s. Although, it was bought on an open market by major corporate concerns. it continues to expound on the basic precepts of the original vision of Oscar F. Mayer. It provides incredible opportunities for its employees while continuing a marketing concept that started in 1936.


It is a small wonder why I do not reflect on a ‘Little Oscar’, driving the Wienermobile, but I am elated I have met a couple of positive, pro-marketing mind in Amanda and Luke. Our regular work-a-day world is better off for it. They are stanchions of what a much better world we can all enjoy. Just seeing the light of happiness in their eyes is worth it for me.

May these young entrepreneurs find all they have on their future plans. They surely have helped me further understand where a better world starts and continues. To note, Amanda and Luke are on a one-year tour. At the end of a six-month stint, they switch partners and continue in a new region.

After all, it is all about the human condition, would you not all agree?


These days, there are numerous ways to contact the Oscar Mayer team, et al. One may even follow the Hotdoggers while they continue their journeys promoting the concept of what the Wienermobile represents.

og: social
Here is where you can follow the Oscar Mayer Wienermobile in social media.

In addition to the web link mentioned above, here is the sign that was posted to engender a connection with what these Hotdoggers and others do. Here is the web link, again here. Don’t forget to download their Wienermobile app from the website!


To all those wonderful people I know at my local and area grocery retailer, I cannot thank you enough for the opportunity to bring your marketing prowess to the public. I am honored and have had such an incredibly good time, this day. Thank you to the owners, principals, managers, and employees. You still bring a spark of caring and goodness to our community that is sorely needed in these time.

Fondest wishes to all concerned. To those of whom I have met and to all of whom I know.

Universal Digest is pleased to publish this iconic, historical article for our readers to enjoy. Sometimes, what happens in one’s own ‘back yard’ is as amazing the historical value of the organization itself.

We strive to bring the readers and viewers the most accurate, objective, and honest reporting with an emphasis on integrity.

Pass it On:
Pass it On:


What were these handbags or purses depicted in glyph carved in stone and other materials in ancient history?

Handbags or purses were depicted numerous times in ancient history.

og: image
What were these handbags or purses depicted in glyph carved in stone and other materials in ancient history?

This isn’t about a UFOs in ancient history but it is related by connection of the Anunnaki.

I’m sure a lot of you have seen numerous images of the ancient divine deities and other beings carrying peculiar ‘handbags’ also known as ‘purses’ in their hands and have wondered what they were. Why were there so many identical or very similar bags or purses in various historical epochs on different continents?

Unfortunately, neither legends nor myths contain specific information about them.

I’ve pondered on and off for years over these mysterious bags. I’ve read other people’s theories of what they could have been; a basket for carrying water, fruit, gold, etc., but those ideas are impossible. It’s impossible because these so called bags are made of solid stone. They cannot carry anything.

og: handbags
Statue of a ‘god’ carrying a handbag.

I finally came upon an article that makes the most sense to me and thought I’d share the information. For sure, it’s a clear impression that the ancients were far from being only savage hunters and gatherers as mainstream historians impose on us. The ancients obviously had totally different priorities in their life, which enabled them to see a completely different picture of the world.

Anyways, author and historian, Sviatoslav Sergeyev drew a parallel between the symbolism of such ‘handbags’ and the times when Primordial Knowledge was brought into the world. A graphic example is the Vulture Stone in Göbekli Tepe. In the world of archaeology there are such artifacts as ‘handbags’ not attached to any figure/being/deity or other item.

So, what did Gods carry in their ‘handbags’? They carried spiritual knowledge. I ‘think’ the handbags, aka purses are the individuals temple which they believed carried knowledge. Kind of like how some Christians wear a cross, believing it carries faith.

og: handbags
Sample glyph of an Anunnaki carrying a handbag.

Here’s some references to important quotes regarding the bags:

We might interpret the Göbekli Tepe site as having also served as an instructional sanctuary, where (if we believe the statements of later cultures) civilizing skills might have been intentionally introduced to humanity. We find this same outlook expressed in myths that survive in some cultures. For example, among the Maori of New Zealand, one mythic storyline tells of how a deified ancestor named Tane ascended to a place where the gods lived and returned with three baskets filled with knowledge. Within the context of this type of myth, the notion of a basket comes to be associated symbolically with instructed knowledge.

An Egyptian term for ‘basket’ hetep is a homonym for other features we also find at Göbekli Tepe. It can refer to ‘a place of peace or propitiation’, ‘the shrine of a god’, to a ‘slab of stone’ (written with a glyph shaped like the Göbekli Tepe pillars), and to a ‘graving tool, stylus, chisel’. The term is formed from the same phonetic root het/get/chet that can imply the concept of a temple or sanctuary in various ancient languages.

Both the shape and temple/shrine symbolism of the handbag images is also reflected in later cultures such as ancient Egypt. In his book Ancient Egypt: Anatomy of a Civilization, Barry Kemp of the University of Cambridge in England discusses the attributes of a type of pre-dynastic portable shrine called a ‘seh’ that, in his view, became the prototype for temple architecture and symbolism in dynastic Egypt. He characterizes the seh as an early ‘tent’ shrine, built from poles and cloth or animal skins. The lower part of the shrine was squared, much like a modern dining room cabinet, while the poles of the upper part were bent into the shape of a domed arch, creating a covered shelf. The overall shape is a match for the Göbekli Tepe figures, and presents a good physical and conceptual correlate to the handbag symbols. In his Egyptian Hieroglyphic Dictionary, Sir E.A. Wallace Budge defines a phonetically-similar word sa as ‘a shrine or sanctuary in which a god or goddess was housed’.

When French anthropologist Marcel Griaule met with a Dogon priest named Ogotemmeli to discuss attributes of a Dogon shrine (a counterpart to a Buddhist stupa) that serves as the defining symbol of their cosmology, the blind teacher reached around the inside of his hut, searching with his hands until he found a woven basket to use as a physical prop to illustrate the symbolic attributes of the shrine…

Written By: Heidi H Ley

UNIVERSAL DIGEST is pleased to be a conduit for our contributing authors. This article was produced being mostly unedited. We do not claim credit, we simply want to make it more available to the general public. The opinions of the authors are not necessarily the opinion or stance of this website.

We at Universal Digest want to express our sincere appreciation that Heidi Ley wanted to share this particular article upon our request. Her hard work in ancient history and the antiquities of the same should not go unnoticed. Thank you. Ed Smith – Founder

Universal Digest is pleased to provide articles from varied sources. Some articles require minor editing; however, the original value of content remains unchanged. The author’s subject matter and/or opinion is not necessarily the opinion of this website, it’s contributing authors, assigns, or sponsors.

Pass it On:
Pass it On: