SEQUOIA NATIONAL PARK – MORO ROCK

This is a view of Moro Rock. It is an iconic part of the Sequoia National Park only 45 minutes east of Visalia, CA off Route 198.

Sequoia National Park, located just 45 miles east of Visalia, California provides a multitude of attractions. Today’s article is about the trip to Moro Rock.

We traveled to Sequoia National Park on a perfect day in the central valley of California. In early November, temperatures dip into the low to mid 40’s during the night time and usually the 60’s during the day. Today it was close to 80 degrees Fahrenheit in the valley. In the mountains, it was around 50 degrees, which was quite pleasant.

SEQUOIA NATIONAL PARK – ENTRANCE

Just a forty-five minute drive east from Visalia, California, we ascended the grade incline of CA Route 198 to the park entrance. We had picked an incredibly beautiful, sunlit day to visit the park. There was almost no traffic and all of whom we did meet, especially the park rangers were all friendly, outspoken, and cordial.

og: sequoia
Here is the front entrance to Sequoia National Park. It was the perfect day to go. There was almost no traffic.

There are so many different attractions at the Sequoia National Park this author recommends picking only one or two at a time to enhance the enjoyment of the experience in nature.

Depending on one’s travel schedule and how much time may be available, it is recommended to visit the link mentioned above and plan the trip carefully. From May through September of each year expect high visitor turnout to the park.

From Visalia on east there are various places to stay. There are also many restaurants to visit along the way. In fact, there are hotels located in the park, as well.

SEQUOIA NATIONAL PARK VISTA POINTS

Needless to say, there are so many vista points and lay-by’s along the way only a couple will be reviewed in this article for brevity. Do pick a clear day to visit if picture-taking is one of your intentions during the visit. Depending on weather there can be many days where there is haze. Especially, as afternoon and early evening approaches one may find photo sessions to not be very effective. Consequently, earlier in the morning after the sun is over the mountains is the best time to take videos and photo snapshots.

If one has the time, pick one day to just drive completely through the park northward. Some of the roads do get very winding so make sure the driver is able to handle the task. From the CA Route 198 entrance in Tulare County, the road will finally head north until one reaches the park end in Fresno County at Kings Canyon National Park.

For those who can plan for a longer stay at the park, there are vacation rentals where one may stay, as well. Make reservations well in advance to preclude unfortunate outcomes.

MORO ROCK APPROACH

As we passed the welcome center to the park, we made the right turn and headed for Moro Rock. The road and the incline became more of an issue. At some points the road had to wind past ancient sequoias, as well as, accommodate some rocky outcroppings. The trees and views were constantly alluring by nature. In a couple of places where curves were rather extreme, one had to take it very slow because the width of the road could barely allow two automobiles to pass, much less any larger vehicles.

Finally, we made it to the parking area. Of course, the rest of the trip was to be made on foot. Certainly, it must be noted that anyone with any respiratory, heart or mobility issues would not be able to continue farther.

SEQUOIA NATIONAL PARK – MORO ROCK

Once we parked the vehicle, we looked to the right. Then, we looked up. And up. And up. We were going to climb that thing? Well, it is why we came. It was time to conquer. At the base of the escarpment there were ample signs in sealed displays to educate one on the discovery and history of Moro Rock. Some of it is provided here and in some image captions. It was discovered in 1858. Explorer Hale Tharp, with the help of two native Americans made the official discovery.

THE CLIMB

Before we started the climb, we did some reading from the displays provided. The history is amazing. In addition, how one who lives nearby can not be moved or at least interested in Sequoia National Park and its attractions.

Notably, above and below are some of the amazing photos of the incredible climb. Yes, the weather can be quite a factor, as mentioned earlier. Notably, one must always be prepared. Always, dress for it and be sure to carry enough water for the adventure.

THE CLIMB CONTINUES

No, the climb is not a short nor easy one for many to endure. Do pay attention to any health issues. At a few points, there are places to catch one’s breath. But, there are not many. This author did notice a few who may had been pushing it.

Finally, we were getting close to the summit, but not yet.

MORO ROCK SUMMIT – WE THOUGHT?

The arduous trek upward continued, but, without the determination on our parts, we struck forward with a vengeance. We would not be denied our resolve at summit success.

No way. Every time we thought we had made it, we were thwarted. Period. There was not way to see how far we had climbed the escarpment. But, we would soon have our answer.

SEQUOIA NATIONAL PARK EXTREME CLIMB

Truly, there was not way to know our degree of advancement up this granite rock until we got there. No way.

MORO ROCK SUMMIT AT SEQUOIA NATIONAL PARK

So, we finally made it. And, with only a couple of stops along the way to catch our breaths, the view was incredible!

We took a long look around. It was majestic beauty in the finest! At this altitude one may not notice the air was thinner, but when moving around more than usual, especially climbing, one can tell the difference.

SUMMIT MEETINGS AND VISITS

While at the summit, we had the opportunity to meet other visitors from other lands. Notably, we met two outstanding couples. One couple hailed from Israel and the other from Italy. We helped each other take pictures instead of resorting to selfies.

The hobnobbing and taking pictures of such scenic views of breathtaking terrain was really worth the trip. But, then there was the trip back down to the parking area. Rest assured, it was much easier than the ascent.

THE DESCENT FROM MORO ROCK SUMMIT

The trip back to the Sequoia National Park parking area was actually a welcome relief. It seemed like it took no time at all to return. But, it was still important to remember to be careful. One careless trip or misstep could be catastrophic.

Once back at the parking area we bad a farewell to our new international friends. They were on whirlwind trips to see as much of the United States as possible. Both couples were cramming as much in as possible. Example: One couple was heading from Sequoia National Park to Death Valley in the same day!

THE RETURN TRIP FROM SEQUOIA NATIONAL PARK

As mentioned previously, there was more haze about in the afternoon. Therefore, taking good pictures became problematic. However, this was an unusually clear day so please enjoy the following photos.

For those who are new traveling to the park, there are many vista points where one may stop.

KAWEAH DAM ENROUTE HOME

For those who have some time after visiting Sequoia National Park, do take a few moments to stop at Kaweah Dam. It is one of the largest earthen dams in the United States.

This author hopes everyone has enjoyed reading this pictorial-based article. One will not regret visiting Sequoia National Park.

Written By: Ed Smith


UNIVERSAL DIGEST is pleased to be a conduit for our contributing authors. This article was produced being mostly unedited. We do not claim credit; we simply want to make it more available to the general public. The opinions of the authors are not necessarily the opinion or stance of this website.

Pass it On:

HISTORY OF WORLD VOLATILITY

History of new and old world images are not the same. What does this view of the world, notwithstanding its maps portend for human habitation of earth?

HISTORY OF WORLD VOLATILITY

History of world volatility comes in many forms. Human civilizations created, whether present, past, or those now extinct, have been victims of volatility. Please, bear with me. I am bringing the big picture into play. As you read this article, remember we are not alone. We have never been in any way, shape or form. People who have tried to convince me we are has amazed me to no end.

Read on.

OLD OR NEW HISTORY

Much of it comes from old world history. Of course, volatility of earth events are variable in extremes, yet constant over time. It is time to open a door long ignored. Humans tend to forget so soon. Sometimes, almost if not all, evidence is lost due to cataclysms that occur on earth and war.

This author is speaking out for the record that the human condition has pretty much remained the same. We used to carry a ‘club’ to make our way. Now, we carry a ‘tablet’ to make our way. It is technology that has been, is, and will be the continued the focused point of view in this article.

og: image
History of new and old world images are not the same. What does this new and old view of the world, notwithstanding its map portend for human habitation of earth?

I have stood by for so long to view, read, and participate in some diatribes of futility regarding the human condition. Whether it is part of our societal activities locally, regionally, or globally, the facts remain the same. Only technology, (to reiterate) has been the part of the formula of the human condition that has been changing. Humans themselves are no different from when they were beating each other over disputes. Whether they used rocks, knives, spears, arrows, or any other upgrades of violence has not changed over time.

HISTORY FROM A RECENT PERSPECTIVE

When viewing recent events in the middle east the human condition has been most affected from war. When Isis became a fairly formidable force in the region, thanks to extra-governmental forces including the CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) and others, matters always got worse. Now, much of human history has been destroyed. Over many years, a few countries have searched near and far to find the antiquities of history. Some of the countries were not favored, yet searched and found they did.

Is this something new to human history? No. What events in nature have destroyed, humans have destroyed most of it. Whether it was the feudal and clan fighting, Mongols, Romans, or Crusaders, over time history and its monuments were intentionally destroyed during invasions and results of other reasons to wage war.

Now, in some ways, matters are worse. In some ways, they are better. The purpose of this article is to help people to realize, acknowledge, and ultimately understand the gravity of our present situation. It is grave, yet exhilarating at the same time! We are now at a threshold of history like no other time.

HISTORY AND HUMAN POPULATION

How is it when in the last fifty years our world population has grown from 3 billion to over 7 billion with no dramatic changes overall? It is because human growth has occurred in rather benign areas on the various continents. Now, it has become apparent that we are growing in areas where earth-change situations occur regularly over vast reaches of time. Yes, many humans are living in more dangerous regions of the world where bad things happen. It is where no one can help anyone when tectonic, weather or other climate and earth changes happen.

og: history
History of old world image that was considered new in its time.

NEW OR OLD HISTORY IS IMPORTANT TO UNDERSTAND

History has shown that over time areas where there was a large human population has changed dramatically with tragic results.

og: history
New population projections over time and history are showing an accelerated growth in just the last two hundred years. Is this a supportable situation?

What will be different this time? Here is my take on this, overall. We must not take lightly that any society is insignificant. Every human life is important in its own way. New discoveries abound. There are some cultures that consider animals of all kinds to be not only sacred; they are protected. So are we.

We are part of such a larger picture of the universal generation of life so many would not want to acknowledge. In this, I am communicating to advance the human condition. There is no ‘over-population’ in any way, shape or form, as stated. It is only part of the expansion process.

WHERE DO WE GO FROM HERE?

Yes, there will continue to be some changes over time. I do hope we’ve made it to the next step. What is that next step? Human colonization of other planets and the stars with the consent of the present races who approve. There, I have said it. We are not alone. Never have we been without influence, guidance, and caring. There are races not from this earth who in the future may not be good, likable, or even anything but dangerous. We must be vigilant, as well as, receptive to present influences who have been trying to help us.

IN SUMMATION:

There are those who have been postulating and proselytizing that we already have done this? Well, let’s get the word out, if, in fact, you know? Prove it.

The bad news is we are living in a pivotal time in history. The divisive, dishonest, and corrupted society with government representatives who live only for monetary gain without one care of the human condition is now radicalized. There is no turning back, now. History is no longer remembered. Therefore, it will be repeated. In the end game of it, the miracle will become known.

Let us be ready for the change. Many if not most will not be.

Written By: Ed Smith UD Founder


UNIVERSAL DIGEST is pleased to be a conduit for our contributing authors. Some editing is provided. We do not claim credit, we simply want to make it more available to the general public. The opinions of the authors are not necessarily the opinion or stance of this website.

Pass it On:

BOOSTER FAILURE AND TRAGEDY AVERTED

Expedition 57 crew members Alexey Ovchinin of Roscosmos (left) and Nick Hague of NASA (right) pose for pictures in front of their Soyuz MS-10 spacecraft.

Booster failure of the second stage of the MS-10 spacecraft launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan resulted in the implementation of emergency measures to return one cosmonaut and one astronaut safely back to earth in a ballistic descent on October 11, 2018. Fortunately, it worked.

LAUNCH PREPARATIONS

This article recounts the events that occurred leading up to the launch abort. The NASA briefing regarding the booster issue occurred once it was known the spacemen had returned alive.

og: image
Expedition 57 crew members Alexey Ovchinin of Roscosmos (left) and Nick Hague of NASA (right) pose for pictures in front of their Soyuz MS-10 spacecraft.

At the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, NASA astronaut Nick Hague and Alexey Ovchinin of Roscosmos are preparing for their launch to the International Space Station. Their journey to the station will begin with a lift off at 4:40 a.m. EDT Thursday (2:40 p.m. in Baikonur). Live launch coverage will begin at 3:30 a.m. EDT on NASA Television and the agency’s website. At the time of launch, the space station will be flying over NE Kazakhstan at 254 statute miles.

The two will join Expedition 57 Commander Alexander Gerst of ESA (European Space Agency, NASA Flight Engineer Serena Auñón-Chancellor and Roscosmos Flight Engineer Sergey Prokopyev, who arrived at the station in June.

The crew members of Expedition 57 will continue work on hundreds of experiments in biology, biotechnology, physical science and Earth science aboard the International Space Station, humanity’s only permanently occupied microgravity laboratory.

Below is the crew’s launch timeline in EDT:

EDT L-Hr/M/Sec Event

7:40:17pm 9:00 Crew wakeup at Cosmonaut Hotel
10:40:17pm 6:00 Crew departs Cosmonaut Hotel
10:55:17pm 5:45 Batteries installed in booster
11:25:17pm 5:15 Crew arrives at Site 254
11:40:17pm 5:00 Tanking begins
12:10:17am 4:30 Crew suit up
12:35:17am 4:05 Booster loaded with liquid Oxygen
1:10:17am 3:30 Crew meets family members on other side of the glass
1:35:17am 3:05 First and second stage oxygen fueling complete
1:40:17am 3:00 Crew walkout from 254 and boards bus for the launch pad
1:45:17am 2:55 Crew departs for launch pad (Site 1)
2:05:17am 2:35 Crew arrives at launch pad (Site 1)
2:15:17am 2:25 Crew boards Soyuz; strapped in to the Descent module
3:05:17am 1:35 Descent module hardware tested
3:20:17am 1:20 Hatch closed; leak checks begin
3:30:00am 1:10:17 NASA TV LAUNCH COVERAGE BEGINS
3:40:17am 1:00 Launch vehicle control system prep; gyro activation
3:45:00am :55:17 NASA TV: Crew pre-launch activities B-roll played)
3:55:17am :45:00 Pad service structure components lowered
3:56:17am :44:00 Clamshell gantry service towers retracted
4:03:17am :37:00 Suit leak checks begin; descent module testing complete
4:06:17am :34:00 Emergency escape system armed
4:25:17am :15:00 Suit leak checks complete; escape system to auto
4:30:17am :10:00 Gyros in flight readiness and recorders activated
4:33:17am :07:00 Pre-launch operations complete
4:34:17am :06:00 Launch countdown operations to auto; vehicle ready
4:35:17am :05:00 Commander’s controls activated
4:36:17am :04:00 Combustion chamber nitrogen purge
4:36:51am :03:26 ISS flies directly over the Baikonur Cosmodrome
4:37:17am :03:00 Propellant drainback
4:37:32am :02:45 Booster propellant tank pressurization
4:38:47am :01:30 Ground propellant feed terminated
4:39:17am :01:00 Vehicle to internal power
4:39:42am :00:35 First umbilical tower separates
Auto sequence start
4:39:47am :00:30 Ground umbilical to third stage disconnected
4:40:02am :00:15 Second umbilical tower separates
4:40:05am :00:12 Launch command issued
Engine Start Sequence Begins
4:40:07am :00:10 Engine turbo pumps at flight speed
4:40:12am :00:05 Engines at maximum thrust
4:40:17am :00:00 LAUNCH OF SOYUZ MS-10 TO THE ISS
4:49:02am +8:45 THIRD STAGE SHUTDOWN; SOYUZ ORBITAL INSERTION

AFTER BOOSTER FAILURE – LAUNCH UPDATES

FIRST UPDATE:

Shortly after launch, there was an issue with the booster. Teams have confirmed the spacecraft separated from the booster and are in contact with the crew as the capsule returns in a ballistic decent mode.

SECOND UPDATE:

Teams have confirmed the crew have landed and Nick Hague and Aleksey Ovchinin are in good condition.

THIRD UPDATE:

The search and recovery team has reached the landing site, and the crew is out of the capsule and in good condition.

STATEMENT ON SOYUZ MS-10 LAUNCH ABORT POST BOOSTER FAILURE

NASA astronaut Nick Hague and Russian cosmonaut Alexey Ovchinin are in good condition following today’s aborted launch. I’m grateful that everyone is safe. A thorough investigation into the cause of the incident will be conducted. Full statement below:

The Soyuz MS-10 spacecraft launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan to the International Space Station at 4:40 a.m. EDT Thursday, October 11 (2:40 p.m. in Baikonur) carrying American astronaut Nick Hague and Russian cosmonaut Alexey Ovchinin. Shortly after launch, there was an anomaly with the booster and the launch ascent was aborted, resulting in a ballistic landing of the spacecraft.

Search and rescue teams were deployed to the landing site. Hague and Ovchinin are out of the capsule and are reported to be in good condition. They will be transported to the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center in Star City, Russia outside of Moscow.

NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine and the NASA team are monitoring the situation carefully. NASA is working closely with Roscosmos to ensure the safe return of the crew. Safety of the crew is the utmost priority for NASA. A thorough investigation into the cause of the incident will be conducted.

CREW IN GOOD CONDITION AFTER BOOSTER FAILURE

NASA Astronaut Nick Hague and Roscosmos cosmonaut Alexey Ovchinin are seen in Dzhezkazgan, Kazakhstan. They are in good condition following their safe landing on Earth after a Soyuz booster failure after launch earlier. Images taken during briefing follow.

og: booster
Astronaut Nick Hague (left) and Roscosmos Director Dmitry Rogozin
og: booster
Roscosmos cosmonaut Alexey Ovchinin
og: image
NASA astronaut Nick Hague

EXPEDITION 57 SPACE STATION STATUS BRIEFING

NASA held a news conference at noon EDT, Oct. 11, from Johnson Space Center in Houston, to provide a status update on the International Space Station following this morning’s Soyuz spacecraft abort during launch that ended with the safe landing of two Expedition 57 crew members. Participants are Kenny Todd, International Space Station Operations Integration Manager and Reid Wiseman, Deputy Chief Astronaut.

YouTube video follows:

Thank you for viewing this seven-part article compilation. As always, we wish all earth space-faring explorers well.

Written By: Mark Garcia NASA


UNIVERSAL DIGEST is pleased to be a conduit for some of NASA’s projects and work. This article and some others were written by NASA and are mostly unedited. For this article, sub-headings were added to help detail the timeline from launch, booster failure, and the safe return of the spacemen to earth. We do not claim credit, we simply want to make them more available to the general public.

This was an historic event in human space travel. Fortunately, tragedy was averted.

Universal Digest is committed to providing its audience with the most timely news reporting; however, there are times where this is not possible. Therefore, a concise reporting of historical news occurrences are published, as soon as, is practicable.

Pass it On:

LEAK ON SOYUZ REPAIRED

International Space Station Configuration as of Aug. 22, 2018: Three spaceships are docked at the space station including the Progress 70 resupply ship and the Soyuz MS-08 and MS-09 crew ships.

Leak on the International Space Station was discovered and repaired today. This article reports the situation from completion to earlier in the day.

og: image
International Space Station Configuration as of Aug. 22, 2018: Three spaceships are docked at the space station including the Progress 70 resupply ship and the Soyuz MS-08 and MS-09 crew ships.

The International Space Station’s cabin pressure is holding steady after the Expedition 56 crew conducted repair work on one of two Russian Soyuz spacecraft attached to the complex. The repair was made to address a leak that had caused a minor reduction of station pressure.

After a morning of investigations, the crew reported that the leak was isolated to a hole about two millimeters in diameter in the orbital compartment, or upper section, of the Soyuz MS-09 spacecraft attached to the Rassvet module of the Russian segment of the station.

Flight controllers at their respective Mission Control centers in Houston and Moscow worked together with the crew to effect a repair option in which Soyuz commander Sergey Prokopyev of Roscosmos used epoxy on a gauze wipe to plug the hole identified as the leak source. As the teams were discussing options, flight controllers in Moscow performed a partial increase of the station’s atmosphere using the ISS Progress 70 cargo ship’s oxygen supply. Flight controllers in Houston are continuing to monitor station’s cabin pressure in the wake of the repair.

Meanwhile, Roscosmos has convened a commission to conduct further analysis of the possible cause of the leak.

Throughout the day, the crew was never in any danger, and was told no further action was contemplated for the remainder of the day. Flight controllers will monitor the pressure trends overnight.

All station systems are stable and the crew is planning to return to its regular schedule of work on Friday.

Earlier in the day:

og: leak
Expedition 56 crew pose. August 30, 2018 was a busy day to repair the air leak aboard the International Space Station. It was located in one of the Soyuz spaceships.

The crew aboard the International Space Station is conducting troubleshooting and repair work today after the discovery of a tiny leak last night traced to the Russian segment of the orbital complex.

The leak, which was detected Wednesday night by flight controllers as the Expedition 56 crew slept, resulted in a small loss of cabin pressure. Flight controllers determined there was no immediate danger to the crew overnight. Upon waking at their normal hour, the crew’s first task was to work with flight controllers at Mission Control in Houston and at the Russian Mission Control Center outside Moscow to locate the source of the leak.

The leak has been isolated to a hole about two millimeters in diameter in the orbital compartment, or upper section, of the Soyuz MS-09 spacecraft attached to the Rassvet module of the Russian segment. This is a section of the Soyuz that does not return to Earth.

The rate of the leak was slowed this morning through the temporary application of Kapton tape at the leak site. Flight controllers are working with the crew to develop a more comprehensive long-term repair.

Once the patching is complete, additional leak checks will be performed. All station systems are stable, and the crew is in no danger as the work to develop a long-term repair continues.

And earlier came the NASA status report:

About 7 p.m. EDT Wednesday, International Space Station flight controllers in Houston and Moscow began seeing signs of a minute pressure leak in the complex.

As flight controllers monitored their data, the decision was made to allow the Expedition 56 crew to sleep since they were in no danger. When the crew was awakened at its normal hour this morning, flight controllers at Mission Control in Houston and at the Russian Mission Control Center outside Moscow began working procedures to try to determine the location of the leak.

The six crew members, station Commander Drew Feustel, Flight Engineers Ricky Arnold and Serena Auñón-Chancellor of NASA, Alexander Gerst of ESA (European Space Agency) and Oleg Artemyev and Sergey Prokopyev of the Russian space agency Roscosmos, gathered in the Russian segment of the station and, after extensive checks, reported that the leak appears to be on the Russian side of the orbital outpost.

Program officials and flight controllers are continuing to monitor the situation as the crew works through its troubleshooting procedures.


UNIVERSAL DIGEST is pleased to be a conduit for some of NASA’s projects and work. This article and some others were written by NASA and are mostly unedited. We do not claim credit, we simply want to make them more available to the general public.

Universal Digest is committed to providing its audience with the most timely news reporting; however, there are times where this is not possible. Therefore, a concise reporting of historical news occurrences are published, as soon as, is practicable.

Pass it On: