ARTIFICIAL GRAVITY AND ITS POSSIBILITIES

Courtesy Mashable, this concept of an artificial gravity space station is considered for 2025.

ARTIFICIAL GRAVITY AND ITS POSSIBILITIES

Artificial Gravity, Teleportation, and Space Program was first written for publication in April, 2015. The article was to address some of the most complex areas of space travel NASA is yet to face. Since then, what this writer considered concepts to be in their infancy has advanced, dramatically. 

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Courtesy Artificial Gravity, this experimental concept is being considered.

Tempus fugit! Time flies, as the old Latin term applies! Mankind, at war has moved from spears, arrows and shields to guided missiles, nukes and lasers in less than five thousand years? We understood nothing of the sun, earth and sky until now now in the same amount of time?

Now, we have incredible evidence in history, yet we still contemplate the sky and hang onto old concepts until it becomes almost too obvious we must make a major change to move forward? Well, problematic or not, the time has come to invent an efficient method of artificial gravity for humans in space for the space program to blossom and grow.

SPACE FLIGHT BEGINNINGS

From the beginnings of the space programs of both the United States and then the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR-Soviet Union-Russia) from 1957 onward, it was a ‘space race’. The ‘cold war’ between the two super powers ended in late 1991. On April 13, 1961, the Soviet Union’s cosmonaut, Yuri Gagarin became the first human to be launched into space. Just 23 days later on May 5, 1961, Alan Shepard became the first American launched into space from Cape Canaveral, Florida, USA.

The continued exploits of both the United States and Russia continued with such programs as the Mercury, Friendship, Vostok, Gemini, Soyuz, and Apollo in the 1960’s. In December of 1968 Apollo 8 successfully orbited the moon and returned, safely. The Apollo 11 mission successfully landed astronauts on the moon on July 20, 1969. There were six missions with soft landings on the moon ending in August 22, 1976. The next soft landing on the moon was not until December of 2013 and that was robotic. In the 1990’s the Chinese entered manned space programs with the Shenzhou missions.

SINCE THE BEGINNINGS

Since then, the space programs of various nations have moved forward in both human and robotic exploration. Ultimately, both nations, who competed for years would have to realize without each other to collaborate, their programs would be compromised. What if something tragic would happen while in orbit of earth or, perish forbid, on reentry to home? Those concerns did come from unfortunate and tragic occurrences that happened both on earth and reentry from missions by both countries over the years.

After manned moon landings, sights were set for the next step: Mars. Up until now, man enduring weightless environments had only been for short periods of time. No one then knew of how the human body would stand up to a continuous weightless environment over longer periods. Hence, programs were developed to research not only a weightless state for man, it was also for other animal and plant life from microbial to existing biological forms.

SPACE STATIONS

The age began where orbiting space stations were constructed beginning with the Soviet Salyut 1, launched April 19, 1971. Soon to follow was the United States Skylab and Soviet Almaz stations, which were really not much more than orbiting “tin cans” with a minimum complement humans and testing equipment. Although, short lived, these missions led to the space station we know today as ISS (International Space Station) and the Chinese Tiangong-1.

The Russian (originally Soviet) MIR space station was the largest in orbit until its decay and ultimate return from space in 2001. To be able to supply the ISS, as well as, launch satellites into orbit or space, the United States developed the shuttle program. Soyuz is used to this day to transport astronauts to and from the ISS orbiting platform. Now, with the advent of private space enterprises and the cessation of the NASA shuttle program, there are now robotic shipments arriving to ISS for the near future.

SPACE EXPLORATION – THE FUTURE

The nations engaged in the continued efforts in space exploration and continued habitation are incredible, to say the least. To date, we have reached a plateau in scientific research. It is time for a demonstrative change in how we conduct the future of space exploration.
The time has come to make this statement. Anti-gravity applications are in order.

“Please consider we are sending astronauts to accommodate conditions existing in space, not accommodating space for the astronauts. Please start adapting environments on our space vehicles to create a more earth-like environment for them. We must now invent the methods by which we can travel to the planets, and ultimately, the stars. Even before the upcoming Mars mission; if we do not, we are sentencing the colonizers with a good possibility of early death.”

Pioneers of every age of man have been travelers and explorers. Most met with doom until they achieved their goals. From the smallest of gains to the largest of them, there was no change until now. We must overcome the artificial gravity issue to add to the tools our explorers can use to maximize their success potential.

ADVANCEMENTS

Recent developments of improved rocketry by private concerns states its magnetic, plasma rocket engine (VASIMR) could transport astronauts to Mars in 39 days instead of 6 months, we are still faced with the same problem of longer missions to outer planets and asteroids. And, electrical power requirements are beyond what can be produced, at this time. This is why we should take the time to construct a craft with an earth-like gravity environment. Further comment on this is written below.

Artificial Gravity

Why has it not yet been invented and applied to date? Let’s take a look at some of the issues at hand. Of course, it is the overall expense of completing this project. Please read further to learn more.

Centripetal Force

One of the major problems here is the size of the craft. To create enough rotation to simulate a one gravity environment would require a habitat of over 300 feet so the craft would be huge. A smaller craft size would require a much more rapid rotation, which could actually be harder on astronauts than weightless environment because the ‘gravity’ differentials from head to toe would vary, greatly.

Here, rapidly spinning ‘rings’ would be incorporated to create this form of artificial gravity.

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Courtesy Trade Science, this diagram shows the effects of artificial gravity of centripetal force where rotation around a central point.

Serious thought has been given to creating mini-centrifuges on the craft to simulate temporary reprieves from enduring weightless flight; however, the problems again arise of uneven gravity on different parts of the human body. So far, the ‘spinning beds’ are the best contrived and utilized. Astronauts spend over 20 percent of their time exercising to fight the effects of a weightless environment instead of using this for quality research in an earth-friendly environment! What a waste of time, energy and expense, isn’t it?

Centrifugal Force

Centrifugal Force is where artificial gravity is created from a central point. The occupants would traverse a floor that circles around the central point.

Thus, artificial gravity is created where the craft itself would spin.

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Courtesy Chegg, this diagram shows artificial gravity from a central point where the floor is circular. It is known as centrifugal force.

The diagram above shows how centrifugal force works as artificial gravity.

Artificial Gravity From Direct Acceleration

Another form of artificial gravity may be formed due to direct craft acceleration.

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Courtesy Chegg, this diagram shows the effects of artificial gravity due to acceleration.

In this case, a craft accelerating towards its destination would be utilized to create artificial gravity. As the craft approaches the destination, it would actually turn around to create deceleration. This would also create an artificial gravity environment for the occupants.

Economic Implications

The next major hurdle to overcome is the expense of lifting incredible amounts of material into orbit to create a craft that could be large enough to simulate an earth-like environment while travelling in orbit, to Mars, asteroids, or even other planets in our solar system. Of course, until we create a FTL (faster-than-light) or ‘warp/inter-dimensional’ forms of propulsion, travelling to other star systems is out of the question.

Now, here is my contention to this problematic expense issue. So what? It took the last 44 years creating a viable space station so why not take the time to create an artificial gravity environment for our astronauts?

If there is a time issue here where we are about to be smacked by a huge asteroid or something, then it would be a good time to either destroy it or leave. If not, then let’s take the time to do it right until we can create force fields, gravitational (artificial or otherwise) environments, and improved propulsion devices?

Electromagnetic Force

Here is where the term, ‘gravitational force’, not artificial force comes into play. This is my favorite theory, although, the more this writer studies it the more it ‘escapes’ me. Why not simulate the actual ‘earth-type’ model to create an earth-like, artificial environment in space?

Presently, work is underway to develop a form of electromagnetic propulsion known as EMP. It utilizes the Lorentz force. The concept is not new. It uses charged particles in a magnetic environment to create a ‘no waste’ form of propulsion. So far, the applications are not considered to create a strong enough of thrust to be significant. And, it takes a long time to get up to speed, as well as, decelerate.

Well, it seemed simple enough in the beginning where we live on a rotating earth, hurtling through space, tied into a complex structure with like electromagnetic and gravitational forces in our solar system that exist in a perfect balance, right? Well, not so fast…a number of people claim that a spinning earth should throw us off into space? The good news is that doesn’t happen.

Gravity And Magnetic Fields

There are complex magnetic fields induced by a very dense, hot metallic core inside earth. That field actually holds us on our planet where life exists, today. However, magnetism depends on the exact properties of conductive and ferrous materials to pull or push themselves apart. Here is the hard part to understand, for many: Gravity is very weak, in some ways! Where we feel the ‘weight of the world’ upon us is not really a weight, at all. Yet, in essence, it is an incredible force.

In fact, our bodies are pretty much ‘anti-gravity’ (bad term-more non-conductive) by nature, so we should not be affected, yet we are? It is because gravity and magnetism are totally different. Gravity depends on the pull of masses to each other. An example here is that we notice gravity by living on earth because the earth mass is so great. Our mass is so small it has no effect on anything else, much less the earth. Truly, we understand almost nothing about gravity, for now.

To date, gravitons and other sub-atomic particles are still theoretical. So, for now, they do not exist. We should create a simulated, artificial gravity environment with centripetal force. In sum, the time is now to begin, foster, and grow this project.

3-D PRINTING AND TELEPORTATION

Teleportation, 3-D printing; are you kidding? You mean it is real? Well, yes, to a certain degree, it is. It is the time to develop this form of material creation into practical application. Let us explore these developments.

3-D Printing

Briefly, 3-D printing, although in its infancy, is a reality. Tools and other devices have been constructed from basic materials. It is important this invention is developed, further. And, it would be good to have before we venture beyond earth orbit to the asteroids and other planets. So, having on board a 3-D printing device manufacturing tools and other materials from raw materials could be instrumental and less expensive to produce.

Photo-polymer resins are being developed to increase the ‘shelf-life’ of manufactured plastic components used over time. This author wanted to understand how this is developed. Fascinating.

Especially, this would be a necessity for longer voyages beyond our solar system. Let us hope we can utilize this unique invention to create more productive devices. This writer has contacted one of the companies that has produced this kind of printer and it is most incredible to learn the applications. The most formidable tasks are creating plastics that do not degrade in ultra-violet light over time.

Teleportation Experimentation

The first successful attempt at teleporting sub-atomic particles came from collaboration with scientists from the University of Innsbruk, Austria and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (Nist) US, in 2004. The latest achievement came in 2014 after a number of other successes.

This was a true milestone where the concept of using a quantum computer to move qubits in an entangled state from the sending device could actually recreate or transform the same atomic state to the receiving device! Remember, this, too is in its infancy a reality, as well.

Teleportation Success

These are, for now, photons or charged atoms (ions-electrons) have been successfully teleported. Advances in the area of quantum physics are escalating. The same goes for quantum mechanics. From research, to simply say, we are on the absolute threshold of discovery! It is estimated we could achieve the above goals in a few tens of years. Otherwise, don’t count your “chickens before they hatch” because you will be wasting your time.

After all, if the reader has made it this far, would one not consider that our future is most amazing? Further, with a bit more perception and forethought, it is just plain common sense. We will visit the stars, one day. And, we could become friends with other beings. At this time, we could only envisage this in a science fiction format. And, most certainly, there is evidence this has already occurred.

Teleportation On A Grander Scale

Consider, how convenient and efficient it would be to send astronauts to a planetary or asteroid surface with teleportation. Having a receiving and sending unit to teleport men and materiel would be more efficient. This would preclude expending fuel and resources with shuttle craft to transport the same. Teleportation of sub-atomic particles have succeeded. And, atoms are next on the list and could be just years away from teleportation.

According to Dr. Andrew Basiago, who ran for president of the United States in 2016, stated that we have engaged in teleportation since 1981. Dr. Basiago claims time travel is real. This is not a new concept. Some evidence, although speculative, has surfaced since the Germans had supposedly delved in such activity in WWII. Is it real or just speculation? What about TR-3B crafts and red mercury? Is that speculation, as well?

Have other entities influenced us? Are they from here on earth, another planet or time? Are they us from the future? Where is concrete evidence? Except from some books, pictures, and personal accounts, there is little to go on. What do you think? The reader is free to postulate and comment. We do live in the most incredible of times where each day new answers arise from the questions asked.

SUMMATION

In sum, the implications of the above technology and experiments underway is absolutely fascinating! So, let us look forward with anticipation to these monumental breakthroughs. Technology will forever improve and lift our future to heights hitherto unimaginable.

Truly, the world is our ‘oyster’ to enjoy. Future space travel to other worlds, mining of asteroids, and colonization of other planets is only a matter of time.

To me, it is all about the human condition, the betterment and emancipation of humanity. It is all we have. I believe, do you?


UNIVERSAL DIGEST is pleased to be a conduit for our contributing authors. We do not claim credit; we simply want to make it more available to the general public. The opinions of the authors are not necessarily the opinion or stance of this website, vendors, advertisers, assigns, or affiliates.

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GERN INTERVIEW WITH ED SMITH

Dave Emmons and Ed Smith cover the "Big Picture" of some areas of ufology.

GERN – GLOBAL ENLIGHTENMENT RADIO NETWORK

GERN, known as the Global Enlightenment Radio Network airs radio shows every Saturday at 4 pm. The network can be found here. GERN is also found on YouTube.

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Darrell Neely, founder of GERN, the Global Enlightenment Network, produces Dave Emmons interviewing Ed Smith; founder, Universal Digest.

Dave Emmons, an up-and-coming radio talk show host (who has logged over 200 hours of broadcast time), found this author on Facebook at the beginning of this year, 2020. We struck up a good friendship from the very beginning. As we developed a mutual regard for each other, Dave sent the invitation to be a guest on the network where he had hosted for a while.

We covered an overall view of ufology. We also covered not only the big picture, we discussed some of the articles written over the last five years. So, what follows is the YouTube video of our broadcast. Honestly, this writer was relieved to see that the video portion of the 2:20 hour broadcast stopped at around 15 minutes. Being unaware that this was to be a video, as well as, audio interview, it was a relief to find that Odin ceased the visual part of the interview.

YouTube video here:

Above…Darrell Neely Odin, Sr.

ED BIO

Ed hails from North Carolina. From an early age he has always been interested in space, physics, and science fiction. Science fiction becomes science fact. His first UFO experience occurred in 1967 near Atlanta, Georgia. Ed was an avid classical music fan in youth; his aspirations were to become an astronaut. Due to certain events in life he channeled his energy into business after college.

Entering one of the facets of the oil industry, his efforts led him to sell his first business and possessions to see the world and what was going on, overall. He resides in California and when he retired, he set about to write of his experiences. With a keen interest in ufology and with the help of some good mentors, he is involved in finding out and sharing what is true and accurate.

ED SHARED BIO WITH GERN

Although, he is involved in many areas of writing, his main interest is still ufology. His intense belief in elevating the human condition by telling the truth and exposing lies, hoaxes, and fake reports, also includes an altruistic approach of treating people the way he wants to be treated. He firmly believes in a bright future for humanity. Ed has built the website, Universal Digest and continues research in ufology, as well as, a wide area of subject matter. To date, Ed has published over 460 articles. He has traveled to a number of areas in his research, which includes many areas of the United Kingdom and the United States.

In sum, most of this interview covered much of the Rendlesham Forest Incident experience. This author covers not only the big picture in the interview; he covers the conclusions since the 1980 event. Just to listen and experience this audio interview, again, since the original introduction and subsequent research is rather enlightening.

What is to be noted, is with such a great interviewer like Dave Emmons, so much detail was revealed. And, this detail will not be found anywhere else.

Thank you, Dave Emmons. You opened a huge door.


UNIVERSAL DIGEST is pleased to be a conduit for our contributing authors. We do not claim credit; we simply want to make it more available to the general public. And, the opinions of the authors are not necessarily the opinion or stance of this website. Further, none of the views expressed here are shared from the prescribed vendors, advertisers, assigns, or affiliates.

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SOULS OF BLACK FOLK IN THE US

REDMOND'S REVIEW is published weekly. Darren chooses each book of interest from lists that are free to read.

THE SOULS OF BLACK FOLK

Souls are protesting in multiple countries while we speak. And, not all of these souls are black. In this week’s book review from the annals of REDMOND’S REVIEW, Darren felt it important to publish this book review in light of recent, historical events occurring in the United States, as well as, in many countries of the earth.

So, let us hope cooler heads prevail in the coming weeks, as the global economies slowly return to some form of normalcy.

W.E.B. DU BOIS

Penned in 1903, “The Souls of Black Folk” written by W.E.B DU BOIS, should immediately be placed in my opinion on the Mount Rushmore of books dealing with American history from the perspective of a sociologist.

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In this week’s REDMOND’S REVIEW, we learn of the view of the souls of black folk from W.E.B. Du Bois.

Specifically, the trifecta of first hand accounts, second-hand stories, and the use of music to enlighten the reader is incorporated into the telling the story of the tapestry of the black experience in America.

This is a book that resonates today, and is an extremely important work written into the fabric of American history.

This book, in my opinion, should be required reading for all who are in schools. If I ever was put into a situation to run a school system, I would add this to the curriculum.

For me, the anger, the sadness, the hope, and the causality, of much that still faces America today was brought to light in this masterful work written in 1903.

This is found free to read in literary domains.

Written By: Darren Redmond


UNIVERSAL DIGEST is pleased to be a conduit for our contributing authors. We do not claim credit; we simply want to make it more available to the general public. And, the opinions of the authors are not necessarily the opinion or stance of this website. Further, none of the views expressed here are shared from the prescribed vendors, advertisers, assigns, or affiliates.

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MARTYRED ARMENIA REDMOND’S REVIEW

REDMOND'S REVIEW covers the historic revelations of a Muslim's accounts in "Martyred Armenia."

MARTYRED ARMENIA

“Martyred Armenia” is the object of this week’s REDMOND’S REVIEW.

This was written in 1916, by Faiz el – Ghusein, a Syrian-born Muslim who was a Turkish official at the time. He wrote of his first-hand accounts of the atrocities perpetrated upon the Armenian people.

This is a short book in the public domain of less than 200 pages. It gives dates, names and specifics to atrocities that were done to eradicate the Armenians. The author himself was thrown in jail by the Jon-Don for doing nothing more then transcribing these atrocities that he had seen.

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“Martyred Armenia” is an accounting of the deliberate murder of over 1.2 million Armenians by the Ottoman government from 1914-1923.

By his own estimate in 1916, he was able to tabulate through the use of the public records at the time. Over 1.2 million Armenians were butchered and murdered in just a few, short, horrible years. I wrestle with giving examples of the atrocities that he talks of. And, he gives names of those speaking their dying words and how they were left on the streets to die. But, I will give the reader the opportunity to learn for themselves, if they choose to do so by reading this book.

SUMMATION

What you will find interesting is to whom he points, rather than what country he points to some of the blame. Frankly, it is interesting where he places a lot of the blame for the atrocities against the Armenians. This foreign country he writes about gave the idea to the government to do this. And, only a few short decades later that same country committed a genocide of their own!

This is a very historic and interesting read from somebody who was they’re at the time of the Armenian Genocide. “Martyred Armenia” is available to read free on the public domain.

Written By: D. Redmond


UNIVERSAL DIGEST is pleased to be a conduit for our contributing authors. We do not claim credit; we simply want to make it more available to the general public. And, the opinions of the authors are not necessarily the opinion or stance of this website.

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